- The term Cherokee comes Creek word meaning “people of a different speech”
- They call themselves the “real people” or the “principal people”
- They are location in
Oklahomaand western North Carolina
- Population in 1674 was 50,00 and 308,000 in 1990
- Language is part Iroquoian, because they conquered them
- The confederacy has about 200 towns and shared a common language and cultural
- Originally there was no chief but each group had their own ceremonies and wars
- Each town had a red chief and white chief
- The red chief the leader during the wartime and the the white chief was for the peacetime
- Each governed with the consultation with a town council, which had both male and female villagers.
- They were organized into 7 clans that were basic on their mother’s blood line
- Language is from the southern branch of the Iroquoian and it very different from the northern Iroquoian languages, like Mohawk
- 50,000 people owned 40,000 square miles of land, including parts from
Alabamato west Virginia
- It is known as the largest tribe of the 5 civilized tribes
- Were believed to have migrated from
Mexico, and the great lakes region Texas
- They had conflict and wars with the Iroquois and the
tribes 3-4,000 yrs old Delaware
- They relied on 3 ways for food: farming, gathering and hunting
- Some of the crops were corn, beans, squash, sunflower, melons, tobacco, nuts, roots, and fruits
- Food was preserved for winter by drying it out
- Cherokee women did most of the farming, men were the primarily warriors and hunter
- They hunted deers, bears, buffalos, raccoons, rabbits, squirrels, opossums, turkeys, and other types of birds
- Traditionally the Cherokee people never wasted a part of a hunted animal
- Deer was the most important game for the Cherokee
- They were use blow guns to hunt them down from about 60 feet away
- In the 1600’s the tribe was divided into two groups
- Most people belived that the world was created by the “Being from above”
- This group worshiped different heavenly bodies, animals, and fire
- The 2nd group believed in “three beings who were always together and of the same mind”
- Religion was part of the Cherokee’s daily life
- Each town’s white chief served as a chief preiest
- There is a cycle of 6 annual festivals
- The most important one was the harvest , it was a celebration of harmony and renewal
- Now days most Cherokee are protestant Christians, but they do have services in the Cherokee language.
· A Cherokee townhas a council house, a plaza, and 30-60 private homes.
· The whole town is surrounded by a protective fence
· The circular council house is large enough to hold all 400-500 townspeople for meetings and religious ceremonies.
· Wall were formed by weaving saplings support posts then plastered with mud over the framework
· In 1995 164,000 cherokee claimed to be members of the Cherokee nation of
· While 10,500 belonged to the eastern band of Cherokee in
· In 1990 the u.s census recorded that 308,132 people claim themselves as Cherokee, the lasgest native tribe in the
· Cherokee is the most completes and different language to learn
· It was created by Sequoyah his father was white and his given name was George Guess.
· It took him about 12 years, he developed 85 systems, which represented all the sounds of his native tongue
· Literary quickly separated among the Cherokee people, once then trust it
Current Tribal Issues
· A big problem for Cherokee today is their lack of tradional culture
· They lost a lot their history, and culture beucase they tried to assima with the white.
· They thought it would help them keep land and it was new and whites had mew technologies
Wilma Pearl Mankiller was the chief of the Cherokee nation of
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